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Socrates believed in the Soul

Socrates was born in 469 BC in Athens. There were debates on his philosophies belong to him or his disciple Plato because there was no way to discern the views from Socrates or from Plato as he left no writings of his own as a testimonial of his words/works.

In the book “What is education for?” by Nicolas Tate, p.27, it was written, “Socrates argues the case for education as essential for the sake of our immortal souls and their existence in the next life.”

If death were a release from everything, it would be a boon for the wicked, because by dying they would be released not only from the boy but also from their own wickedness together with the soul; but as it is, since the soul is clearly immortal, it can have no esacpe or security from evil except by becoming as good and wise as it possibly can. For it takes nothing with it to the next world except its education and training; and these, we were told, are of supreme importance in helping or harming the newly dead at the beginning of his journey there.”

Plato, Phaedo in Plato, The Last Days of Socrates, p.170.